Nacionalni park Krka

Nacionalni park Krka

The Krka National Park is located just a few kilometers northeast of the city of Šibenik, entirely within the territory of Šibenik-Knin County. The park encompasses an area of 109 square kilometers along the Krka River. It was proclaimed a national park in 1985.

The Krka National Park is located just a few kilometers northeast of the city of Šibenik, entirely within the territory of Šibenik-Knin County. The park encompasses an area of 109 square kilometers along the Krka river. It was proclaimed a national park in 1985.

The area of the national park is characterized by exceptionally rich and varied flora and fauna. 860 species and subspecies of plants have been identified within the territory of the Krka National Park, including several endemic Illyrian-Adriatic species. Eighteen species of fish inhabit the Krka river, among which ten are endemic, and 222 species of birds make the Krka a natural landmark of the highest category.

The most popular sights of the national park include Skradinski buk, Roški slap, Među gredama and the island of Visovac with a monastery.

The nearest airport to the park is Split Airport. From there you can transfer to Split bus station and take one of many daily buses to Šibenik. The journey takes about 1 hour and 40 minutes. From Šibenik, you can take a bus to Skradin. There you can embark on one of the ferry excursions of the Park.

 

Just outside the park’s western boundary lies the site of Burnum, the 1st-century Roman legionary camp that subsequently developed into a civilian settlement. On the western side of the road are the remains of an amphitheatre, while further up to the east are the remaining two arches of the former military command post.

The island of Visovac is home to the Roman Catholic Visovac Monastery founded by the Franciscans in 1445. Visovac can be visited by a boat tour from Skradinski buk.

Upstream from Visovac, the ruins of Kamičak fortress can be seen on the cliffs above the eastern shore. Built by the Nelipić family in the 13th century, it was demolished by the conquering Ottomans after 1522.

Towering above the river Čikola, which flows into the Krka just upstream from Skradinski Buk, Ključica fortress is also part of the fortification system developed by the medieval Nelipić family, who controlled the trade routes between Šibenik and Bosnia.

Skradinski buk is one of the most attractive parts of the park. It is a massive, clear, natural pool with high waterfalls at one end and cascades at the other. There are 17 waterfalls and the total difference in height between the first and the last falls is 47 m. Skradinski buk got its name from the Croatian word "buka" (racket), a reference to the noise generated by the water rushing over the rapids. It is the lowest of the three sets of waterfalls formed along the Krka river. Skradinski buk was once a milling settlement at which the rushing waters of the Krka were harnessed to power a variety of machines. Ten stone mill buildings have been restored and are now open to visitors.

Just below the mills is the Imperial Belvedere (Carski belveder), a small lookout point built for visiting Habsburg monarch Franz Joseph I in 1875.

A little further downstream are the ruins of Jaruga 1, the hydroelectric power station built by Šibenik mayor Ante Šupuk and his brother Marko Šupuk in 1895. It was the second AC-generating hydroelectric project in the world, just after the one on Niagara Falls.

On the western bank of the Krka river, about 10km north of Roški slap is the Monastery of the Archangel Michael, arguably the best known Orthodox monastery in Croatia. It was founded in 1345 thanks to an endowment by Princess Jelena, a sister of the Serbian Tsar Dušan, who married a Croatian prince of the Šubić family. Famous for its Romanesque bell tower and arcaded cloister, the monastery is also known for its early-Christian catacombs.

Opposite the monastery is another of the Nelipić cliff-top fortresses, Bogočin. North of the monastery lies the most dramatic stretch of the river, a narrow winding canyon with steep sides. Perched on cliffs on either side of the canyon are two fortresses, Nečven to the east, and Trošenj immediately opposite to the west. Trošenj once served as the power base of the Croatian Šubić family, but the
Ottomans subsequently turned it into a gaol. It was a notorious place of execution because the offenders were thrown from high windows into the ravine.

Roški slap, located near Miljevci, is the second most popular attraction of the Krka National Park in terms of numbers of visitors. These cascades can be visited throughout the year. The most attractive way to reach Roški slap is to take one of the excursion boats operated by the Krka National Park, although the falls can also be reached with a public road. There's a series of 12 waterfalls in a space of 450 metres, and the largest is just over 22 metres in height and 60 metres in width.

Među Gredama gorge is downstream from Roški slap and it is truly a dramatic sight with its 150m high cliffs in a variety of shapes.